Taxes are complicated even before throwing a first-time home buyer into the mix.
However, there are several tax breaks that home buyers should not skip over when they start to do their taxes. From mortgage points to energy upgrades, an investment now can turn into a little extra green come April 15.
Deducting mortgage interest on taxes seems obvious, but it’s not as simple as it sounds.
People have to be careful how they plan out their mortgage interest deduction.
A first-time home buyer has probably not itemized deductions before, which they must do to claim mortgage interest.
Every couple’s standard deduction totaled $12,400, so the mortgage interest must exceed this number to be worthwhile.
For the first few years, however, many homeowners do not have difficulty reaching that goal since they pay so much more interest than they do in principle.
The next logical deduction is mortgage insurance.
Many home buyers do not need to pay Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI), but it is a common feature in a first-time home buyer’s loan.
- Mortgage insurance protects the lender if the debtor defaults on the original home loan.
- PMI is usually required when a home buyer makes a down payment of less than 20 percent at the initial time of purchase.
This typically includes first-time home buyers because they do not have the equity or proceeds of a previous home sale to use as a down payment. While PMI can cost $100 monthly or more, this expense is also tax-deductible.
Many buyers want to buy a few new appliances or equipment to outfit the home, whether it is new or previously owned.
The good news is that purchasing energy-efficient models can pay off. Through the end of 2016, the Residential Renewable Energy Tax Credit rewards homeowners who buy and install machinery running on:
… and other renewable energy sources.
The credit is worth as much as 30 percent of the purchase cost.
Points can sound like a drain, bleeding away the last vestiges of money a homeowner has to spare after closing.
However, paying down a few points can significantly affect the mortgage’s overall interest rate.
Paying a discount point means that the home buyer agrees to pay 1 percent of the loan amount in exchange for dropping the interest rate by 0.25 percent.
With rates currently hovering just under 4 percent for a 30-year fixed loan, according to Bankrate, paying down some points helps homeowners secure a very nice pace for the long haul. Discount points are tax-deductible, so the pinch at closing is not quite as painful.
A first-time home buyer deserves all the luck in the world with this new life experience. A few of these juicy tax breaks won’t hurt, either.